Provision a Bastion Host to our VPC with CloudFormation

What is a bastion host? It’s sometimes called a jump box, or in days gone by a sacrificial lamb. Technically, it’s just a machine that is directly exposed to the Internet. In general, you don’t want all of your machines directly exposed to the Internet. So you take one box and expose it through SSH to the outside world (or RDP if it’s a Windows box). If you need to administer a more private instance, you SSH into the bastion and from there you can SSH into the private instance (which doesn’t accept SSH connections from outside of your network) to do your administration task. So you two-hop into your network (jump box) and you assume the direct exposure to the Internet means you may get compromised at some point (sacrificial lamb).

So in this post, we’re going to look at a CloudFormation template for adding a Bastion Host to a VPC. We’re going to deploy our bastion host to an auto-scaling group, not so much for the purpose of high availability but rather for some measure of auto-healing. If the box goes south and stops responding, the auto-scaling group will kill it and bring up a new fresh instance.

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Provisioning a VPC with CloudFormation in AWS

This post is about a detailed examination of a CloudFormation template for provisioning a Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) in Amazon AWS. It is the first of what will be a series of posts that talk about Infrastructure as Code, revolving around trying to accomplish some particular thing. In particular, I’m moving my blog (this blog) to AWS from a shared hosting provider, and my experiences doing that is what this series will be about.

I have some specific goals in moving my blog, like my current service is a bit slower than I would like, and also less reliable (only 2 nines of availability), so I was looking to upgrade either way. Looking at the next step up in shared hosting, it would cost about twice as much as I’m currently spending (around $400/year), so I would ideally like to come up with something on AWS that isn’t much more than that, but with improved reliability and maybe speed. I have no idea starting out if I can actually meet any of these goals.

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